9/17/2015 — 

Mr. REED. Madam President, I would like to echo the comments of the

Democratic leader. As of today, the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action

goes into effect. As the leader said, it is also my assessment that

this agreement is an enduring agreement that will extend beyond the end

of the Obama administration. The leader cites a number of critical

nonproliferation agreements that both Republican and Democratic

administrations have agreed to over the decade and they have endured

the test of time and change of administrations.

  Let's also remember that while this agreement's congressional review

period is complete, there is much that needs to be done by Iran before

any sanctions relief is provided to them. Iran must, as verified by the

IAEA, demonstrate that it has implemented the necessary steps with

respect to No. 1, the Arak heavy water research reactor; No. 2, its

overall enrichment capacity; No. 3, its centrifuge research and

development; No. 4, the Fordow fuel enrichment plant; No. 5, its

uranium stocks and fuel; No. 6, its centrifuge manufacturing; No. 7,

completing the modalities and facilities-specific arrangements to allow

the IAEA to implement all transparency measures and the Additional

Protocol and Modified Code 3.1; No. 8, its centrifuge component

manufacturing transparency; and No. 9, addressing the past and present

issues of concern relating to PMD.

  I also want to reiterate one point that I have made previously: while

rejecting the resolution of disapproval and other similar efforts was

important for the future of this deal, it is effective, unrelenting

implementation of the JCPOA that will be the real test, and it is where

I hope the critics of this agreement will focus their attention.

Holding Iran's feet to the fire under this agreement is the critical

piece at this point, and it is critical that both the President and the

Congress ensure that efforts to monitor and sustain the provisions of

the agreement are unstinting. This will demand constant attention and

ample funding for an extended period. In this vein, I would note that

the State Department has appointed Ambassador Stephen Mull as Lead

Coordinator for Iran Nuclear Implementation. Ambassador Mull is a

professional with a long resume. I look forward to working with him

moving forward.

  I thank the Democratic leader for his comments and I appreciate

working with him and my colleagues as we look toward the implementation

phase of this agreement--both in the near term and beyond January 2017.